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Prakriti (Mind-body constitution)

Prakriti means “nature” in the Sanskrit language.

From birth to death each possesses an individual biological blueprint or genetic makeup called Prakriti in Ayurveda.

Prakriti is fundamental to Ayurvedic diagnosis and treatment and is the first step to live Ayurveda. Your Prakriti determines your susceptibility to different diseases, the course, and patterns that these diseases follow, plus any complications that may arise and the prognosis and treatment of the disease.

Before any Ayurvedic treatment, herbs, diet, and lifestyle is prescribed, patients, first of all, undertake consultation with an Ayurvedic Doctor to ascertain their body type, Prakriti, and current imbalances.

Every individual in this universe is composed of three dynamic forces Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The difference between individuals is the degree to which these three Doshas interact with one another within each body type.

  • Vata 
  • Pitta
  • Kapha
  • Vata-Pitta
  • Pitta-Kapha
  • Kapha-Vata
  • Vata-Pitta-Kapha

Typically, Vata, Pitta and Kapha alone are less common. Most people are what are called “dual Doshic,” with two doshas sharing a higher percentage proportionally and the seventh with all the doshas in balance which occurs very rarely.

Prakriti cannot be changed. There is no treatment applied to Prakriti. Prakriti is only for understanding the routine or procedures to avoid disease which is referred to as Vikriti or imbalance in Sanskrit.

Vikriti (Imbalance)

Vikriti is the imbalance of Doshas coming from our diet, lifestyle, stress levels, seasons, and other environmental factors and activities. It is our current state of imbalance—an imbalance in our natural elemental quality.

Ayurveda states that if the Doshas of the body are not in equilibrium, then a person may suffer from any form of the disease.

In simple words, if an ayurvedic doctor is treating a particular disease of a person, then he is treating the Vikriti of the person.

Indications of Vata Imbalance

  • Dry mouth and dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Short and shallow breathing
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Inability to sit still and focus
  • Excess gas: burping, hiccoughs, etc.
  • Anxiety and fear
  • Whirling, crowded, and continual stream of thoughts
  • Disturbed sleep

Indications of Pitta Imbalance

  • Skin problems acne, rash, ulcers
  • Irritability and anger
  • Heartburn, loose stools, and indigestion
  • Increase blood pressure and circulatory problems
  • Hot flushes and inflammation

Indications of Kapha Imbalance

  • Feel lethargic
  • Weight gain and sluggishness
  • Slow digestion and low appetite
  • Mucus drainage
  • Coughs, and sinus headaches
  • Sense of inertia
  • Lack of motivation
  • Allergies and hay fever
  • Cysts and other growths

The Ayurvedic Doctor is experienced and knowledgable in all these fundamentals of Ayurveda—Doshas, Prakriti, and. Vikriti—and will ascertain your body type, and imbalance, and prescribe appropriate ayurvedic treatment modalities.

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